Hyperglycemia, simply put, means high blood sugar. Hyperglycemia might be the culprit if you’ve ever experienced frequent urination or an extremely dry mouth. Integrating a diabetes control program into your lifestyle can help manage and even reverse diabetes.

What is Hyperglycemia? 

Hyperglycemia is the term used for a rise in glucose concentration in your blood. Diabetes Mellitus is a condition where your body has excess glucose (sugar). This can occur when your body does not produce enough insulin or is resistant to insulin. Insulin is the hormone that allows the body to use sugar for energy.

Causes of Hyperglycemia

  • Family history of diabetes/ obesity
  • High-carb and sugary diet
  • Lack of exercise or physical activity
  • Stress, smoking, alcohol
  • Illness or infection
  • Certain medications like steroids, immunosuppressants, anti-psychotics

Symptoms and Signs

  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Increased thirst and dry mouth
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Headache
  • Difficulty concentrating or confusion

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) High blood sugar can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a severe condition that needs quick medical help.

What are Ketones? 

When your body can’t use sugar for energy because you don’t have enough insulin, it breaks down fats instead, creating ketones as a byproduct.

What is Ketoacidosis? 

When ketones build up in your blood, it leads to ketoacidosis. This occurs more commonly in Type 1 diabetes but may also occur in Type 2 diabetes during illness and stress. Symptoms include extreme thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, breathing problems, and confusion.

If you have these symptoms, seek help from a health professional urgently. Water can be used for mild dehydration, but professionals should handle acute dehydration cases. Suggestive testing for sugar and ketones in your blood could detect the problem earlier.

Lowering Blood Sugar

 Quickly Preventing hyperglycemia is crucial in managing diabetes. Here are means to bring your blood sugar down quickly:

1. Lifestyle Changes:

  • Maintain a healthy diet and incorporate regular exercise under the guidance of your healthcare provider.
  • Postpone vigorous exercise if ketones are present.

Monitor blood glucose levels regularly to ensure they are within your target range.

2. Check for Ketones:

  • When your blood glucose levels are consistently above 250 mg/dL, check for ketones in your urine.

3. Adjust Medication:

  • If you have ketones present or high blood glucose levels persist, it may be necessary to make adjustments to your insulin dosage or other diabetes medications under the guidance of your healthcare provider.

4. Seek Medical Care as Needed:

  • If you cannot bring your high blood sugar down or are having symptoms of extreme hyperglycemia or DKA, seek medical care immediately.

Immediate Measures for High Blood Sugar 

There is no immediate correction for high blood sugar. Hyperglycemia needs to be managed cautiously and appropriately. Consult your healthcare provider immediately for help and to manage your state accordingly.

Conclusion 

Management of hyperglycemia means understanding what causes it, its symptoms, and its complications, including DKA. Through lifestyle modifications, regular monitoring of blood sugar and ketone levels, adjustment of medications, and seeking help when needed, high levels of blood sugar can be effectively managed. Do not forget to see your healthcare professional for advice tailored to you and immediate assistance.

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